Compound tense

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Spanish compound tenses, which are also called perfect tenses, always consist of 2 parts: some form of the verb haber, followed by the past participle (the -do form) of the main verb. Most compound tenses are used to describe actions or states that happened earlier than the time of reference for the corresponding simple tense AND that are still relevant in some way at the time of reference.

Compound tenses
Simple tenseExampleCompound tenseExampleTranslation
infinitivehablarperfect infinitivehaber habladoto have spoken
past participlehabladoperfect past participlehabido habladohad spoken
present participlehablandoperfect present participlehabiendo habladohaving spoken
present indicativehablapresent perfectha habladoHe/She has spoken / You have spoken
imperfecthablabapluperfect indicativehabía habladoHe/She/You had spoken
preterithablópreterit perfect (*)hubo hablado (*)He/She/You had spoken (*)
futurehablaráfuture perfecthabrá habladoHe/She/You will have spoken
conditionalhablaríaconditional perfecthabría habladoHe/She/You would have spoken
present subjunctivehablepresent subjunctive perfecthaya habladoHe/She have/has spoken / You have spoken
past subjunctivehablara/hablasepluperfect subjunctivehubiera/hubiese habladoHe/She have/had spoken / You had spoken

(*) Preterit perfect (pretérito anterior) is used almost exclusively in literary contexts, and is almost never used in speech. It appears only after expressions that can be translated as "as soon as", including después (de) que, luego que, así que, no bien, enseguida que, en cuanto, tan pronto como, apenas, and perhaps a couple of regional expressions.