Future

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The future tense states what will happen or will not happen in the future or at some future time. The simple future tense sometimes is used to say or to ask about what is probably or likely true in the present.

The future tense has 6 distinct forms that agree with the subect in person and in number. The six forms consist of the verb stem plus one of 6 distinct suffixes.

Future suffixes
 Verb Class
NumberPersonSubject Pronouns-ar-er-ir
SingularFirstyo-aré-eré-iré
Secondtú (vos: see Note)-arás-erás-irás
Thirdél, ella, ello, usted-ará-erá-irá
PluralFirstnosotros, nosotras-aremos-eremos-iremos
Secondvosotros, vosotras-aréis-eréis-iréis
Thirdellos, ellas, ustedes-arán-erán-irán

Note: In general, vos verb forms are identical to verb forms in the future.

Many textbooks and teaching materials prefer to analyse the future tense as using the infinitive form as the stem and adding one set of endings to it. (-é, -ás, -á, -emos, -éis, -án)

Here are examples of regular future tense verbs for each verb class.

Future example verbs
 Verb Class
 -ar-er-ir
 hablarcomervivirverb
NumberPersonSubject Pronounshabl-com-viv-stem
SingularFirstyohablarécomeréviviré
Secondtú (vos: see Note)hablaráscomerásvivirás
Thirdél, ella, ello, ustedhablarácomerávivirá
PluralFirstnosotros, nosotrashablaremoscomeremosviviremos
Secondvosotros, vosotrashablaréiscomeréisviviréis
Thirdellos, ellas, ustedeshablaráncomeránvivirán

Irregular verbs

12 basic common verbs are irregular in the future tense, and some of the compounds of those verbs are also irregular in the same way.

There are 3 types of irregular verbs in the future tense.

  • Group 1 contains 5 -er verbs whose endings drop the first 'e' of the ending (or drop the 'e' of the infinitive ending): caber, haber, poder, querer, saber. For example: cabré, habré, podré, querré, sabré.
  • Group 2 contains 5 -er and -ir verbs whose endings replace the first 'e' or 'i' of the ending with 'd' (or replace the 'e' or 'i' of the infinitive ending with 'd'): poner, salir, tener, valer, venir. For example: pondré, saldré, tendré, valdré, vendré.
  • Group 3 contains 2 verbs that that use a shortened infinitive stem: decir (reduced infinitive stem dir-) and hacer (reduced infinitive stem har-). For example: diré, haré.

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