From Tomísimo
Jump to: navigation, search

The verb haber has a few functions in Spanish. The two most common functions are:

  • Auxiliary verb used to form all compound tenses
  • To translate "there is/are" in all tenses

As an auxiliary verb haber is used with all persons and numbers in all tenses, as well as with the infinitive, past participle, and present participle.

With the meaning "there is/are", haber is used in all simple and compound tenses. With this meaning haber is an impersonal verb; only the third-person singular form is used. Furthermore, the simple present tense form is "hay".

For example:

Haber = "there is/are"
Simple presenthayhay huevosThere are eggs
Imperfecthabíahabía huevosThere were eggs
Preterit (rare)hubohubo huevosThere were eggs (momentarily, suddenly)
Futurehabráhabrá huevosThere will be eggs
Conditionalhabríahabría huevosThere would be eggs
Present subjunctivehaya(que) haya huevos(that) there be eggs
Past subjunctivehubiera/hubiese(si) hubiera/hubiese huevos(if) there were eggs
Present perfectha habidoha habido huevosThere have been eggs
Pluperfecthabía habidohabía habido huevosThere had been eggs
Preterite perfect (rare)hubo habidohubo habido huevosThere had been eggs
Future perfecthabrá habidohabrá habido huevosThere will have been eggs
Conditional Perfecthabría habidohabría habido huevosThere would have been eggs
Present subjunctive perfecthaya habido(que) haya habido huevos(that) there were eggs
Pluperfect subjunctivehubiera/hubiese habido(si) hubiera/hubiese habido huevos(if) there had been eggs
Infinitivehaber(para) haber huevos(for) there to be eggs
Infinitive Perfecthaber habido(para) haber habido huevos(for) there to have been eggs
Gerundhabiendohabiendo huevostheir being eggs
Gerund Perfecthabiendo habidohabiendo habido huevostheir having been eggs