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The present tense states what is happening or is not happening now, at the present moment. The present tense has 6 distinct forms that agree with the subect in person and in number. The six forms consist of the verb stem plus one of 6 distinct suffixes.

Present Indicative suffixes
 Verb Class
NumberPersonSubject Pronouns-ar-er-ir
Secondtú (vos: see Note)-as (-ás)-es (-és)-es (-ís)
Thirdél, ella, ello, usted-a-e-e
PluralFirstnosotros, nosotras-amos-emos-imos
Secondvosotros, vosotras-áis-éis-ís
Thirdellos, ellas, ustedes-an-en-en

Note: Vos verb forms vary regionally. This chart shows the usual endings in Argentina.

Here are examples of regular present tense verbs for each verb class.

Present Indicative example verbs
 Verb Class
NumberPersonSubject Pronounshabl-com-viv-stem
Secondtú (vos: see Note)hablas (hablás)comes (comés)vives (vivís)
Thirdél, ella, ello, ustedhablacomevive
PluralFirstnosotros, nosotrashablamoscomemosvivimos
Secondvosotros, vosotrashabláiscoméisvivís
Thirdellos, ellas, ustedeshablancomenviven

Irregular verbs

Many verbs have one or more irregular forms in the present tense.

See Also: