A pronoun (pronombre in Spanish) is a word that takes the place of a noun. This allows a speaker to avoid repeating the noun many times. There are six types of pronouns- personal, relative, indefinite, demonstrative, interrogative and reflexive pronouns.
Personal pronouns stand for people. John went to the store - He went to the store. He is the personal pronoun.
Spanish has several types of personal pronouns, including subject pronouns, object pronouns, prepositional pronouns, and possessive pronouns and adjectives.
Relative pronouns refer back to another noun or pronoun mentioned previously in the sentence. For example, The driver, who was traveling at excessive speeds, crashed. Who is the relative pronoun. Relative pronouns include: who, whom, whomever, whoever, which, that, whatever, and whichever.
Indefinite pronouns refer to an unknown, undefined or indefinite subject. In English they are:
- all, another, anyone, anything, both, each, either, few, many, most, neither, no one, nobody, none, one, several, some, somebody, someone, and something
Demonstrative pronouns point at something without saying what it is. This, that, these, and those are the demonstrative pronouns in English.
The interrogative pronouns are used to ask questions.
- who, whom, which, what, whose
Reflexive pronouns are one of the types of object pronouns. Reflexive pronouns refer back to the subject of the sentence. In some cases you can think of it as if the action of the verb goes back and affects the subject.
- myself, himself, herself, yourself, itself, ourselves, themselves, and yourselves