Spanish word formation
Word formation is the set of morphological processes that affect the creation of new words.
Types of word formation include:
- Derivation: adding grammatical prefixes or suffixes that alter the meaning of the root word, usually but not always in a predictable manner. Often derived words fill different parts of speech than the root word.
- Inflection: adding grammatical prefixes or suffixes that indicate the grammatical function of the word within the sentence.
- Blending or Composition: joining parts of two or more older words.
- Calque: borrowing from another language by means of literal, word-for-word or root-for-root translation.
- Neologism: a new word. A partial list of types of neologisms is:
- Eponym: a proper noun that develops into a common noun
- Loanword: a word borrowed from another language
- Onomatopoeia: a word that imitates a natural sound
- Conversion: a new use of an older word, sometimes as a different part of speech.