Spanish word formation

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Word formation is the set of morphological processes that affect the creation of new words.

Types of word formation include:

  • Derivation: adding grammatical prefixes or suffixes that alter the meaning of the root word, usually but not always in a predictable manner. Often derived words fill different parts of speech than the root word.
  • Inflection: adding grammatical prefixes or suffixes that indicate the grammatical function of the word within the sentence.
  • Blending or Composition: joining parts of two or more older words.
  • Calque: borrowing from another language by means of literal, word-for-word or root-for-root translation.
  • Neologism: a new word. A partial list of types of neologisms is:
  • Eponym: a proper noun that develops into a common noun
  • Loanword: a word borrowed from another language
  • Onomatopoeia: a word that imitates a natural sound
  • Conversion: a new use of an older word, sometimes as a different part of speech.
Usage: {{stub}}

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